An overview of social economic change after world war one

The impact of American films was naturally, given the common language, more evident in Britain, and J.

Impacts of world wars

With smashed limbs and a broken body I stand, thirteen years after the end of the war, with the question still on my lips: Will anyone help me, give back my health? It was humiliating and many people wanted revenge. Iron mining and steel manufacture grew enormously. For example, they had more rights when it came to their houses and their children, but there was still a long way to go before men and women would be treated more equally. Germany and France each lost 80 percent of their male population aged between 15 and In the ten-month battle at Verdun, the French and Germans fired some 10 million shells in all, weighing 1. The French used tear gas in August Perhaps most striking is the case of India. Yet, at the same time, we should not overlook the huge sense of relief that millions of people felt to be sure, more so in the West than in the East at having survived and being able to look forward to daily life no longer convulsed by war and to enjoying themselves. Russia had not prepared for a major war and Reacted very slowly as problems mounted in There was in fact plenty of coal being mined, but 44, loaded freight and coal cars were tied up in horrendous traffic jams in the rail yards of the East Coast. These bonds were denominated in francs instead of pounds or gold, and were not guaranteed against exchange rate fluctuations. The war caused a heavy demand for copper, and production soared from tons in to 27, tons in , then fell off to 19, tons in On Nov. Postwar society was something rather different in the rural Highlands of Scotland than in Sarajevo.

Britain, France and Germany,Cambridgepp. Whether the war experience resulted in a transformation of the position of women in post-war society and whether many women wanted such a change have been doubted by some historians.

The postwar populations of countries that had suffered substantial military losses were composed disproportionately of women, adolescents and the elderly.

Social effects of world war 1

Such historic allegories were acceptable, but what audiences in all the combatant countries wanted was entertainment and, after the war came the period in which cinema dominated popular entertainment. In that the division was also an ideological one, it determined the nature of economies and societies. It may well be that we have to reassess the nature of the economic and social policies of the National Socialist regime in Germany and those of Vichy France when considering their impact upon post-war developments. For in Britain, once the deluge of the First World War receded, underlying social and political stability meant that many aspects of social life had proved themselves to be remarkably stable. The closing after the First World War of the transatlantic escape valve for European economic migrants occurred as countries within Europe had to repair the damage caused by war, most notably postwar France. Belgium sustained significant material damage, providing a major obstacle to its economic recovery after the war. The Asian and African colonies provided large numbers of civilian workers, as well as some soldiers. Germany and the East, , Ithaca and London , pp. In short, the evidence for a direct connection between the experience of the war and post-war developments is mixed and varied and, when the reaction against corporatism and the swing back to the free market and a lesser role for the state began, it can be seen, in its national variations, as return to pre-war trajectories. Post-war Germany and Poland looked very different in, say, to what they had been in , but can the same be said for Sweden or, for that matter, Spain?

They expanded by a third during the war, primarily to produce transports of the sort that German U-boats were busy sinking. This facilitated purchases of munitions and food in the U.

us economy after ww1

The restrictions introduced during the first year of the Harding Administration and then the US Immigration Act [67] were part of a global trend towards strict border and passport controls, a new postwar regime that left hundreds of thousands of people — refugees and stateless persons — without a national citizenship.

While this was true in particular for Eastern and Central Europe, perhaps ironically it probably was less so for the country that Lloyd George was addressing: Britain.

What was the impact of world war 1 on german politics and society

They spent six to eight weeks in the hospital. Plants produced , 75mm shells a day. Worldwide, one out of five or million people got sick. Article Table of Contents Skip to section Expand. Many women also had to return to a more domestic life when the men came home as a result of a law called Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolving, as its member countries revolted. US policy was, nevertheless, ambiguous as anti-imperialism could conflict with its Cold War interests; having refused to back Britain during the Suez crisis in , it proceeded to press her to retain bases of strategic importance, as with Cyprus and Diego Garcia. We construct such measures from external data sources. After summary Courts Martial, the British executed 15 of the prisoners [23] which caused public opinion to surge in favour of independence.

Food shortages increasingly impacted urban areas, caused by military purchases, transportation bottlenecks, financial confusion, and administrative mismanagement. While rent controls put sitting tenants in an advantageous position, enjoying low rents and having scope for profiteering by subletting rent-controlled flats and pocketing the difference, it left many newly married couples out in the cold.

Economic effects of world war 1

Wilson wanted to avoid a strike by the railroad unions while the country was gearing up. Mass conscription, on a scale never before seen, left tens of millions of soldiers to be demobilised and, somehow, re-integrated into civilian life. The return of the soldiers unfolded at different tempos in different countries. S, and other neutrals. During the war cinema had become ever more popular. We explore several channels through which this war might have influenced individual lives, and document which groups of the population were most affected. Great Britain promised independence to Arab rebels in the region. Germany also printed money to meet the billion marks of Treaty of Versailles' reparations. On July 28, , Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. This was not simply a matter of numbers, or of the cruel calculus of children left without fathers, mothers left without husbands and the elderly left without sons to support them. Yet, paradoxically, it was the threat from one super power and the protection of the other that provided the context for the post-war success of European supra-nationalism and the most important reason for it, the rapprochement of France and Germany.
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The Economics of World War I