Critics generally view Beatrice as an allegorical representation of spiritual love. He even incorporates mythological places, such as the rivers Acheron and Styx.
The Sullen choke on mud, the Wrathful attack one another, the Gluttonous are forced to eat excrement, and so on. This life was never meant to be easy or fair, and bad things happen to all of us.
The Blacks seized control of Florence and in Dante and others were exiled. This is no time to tire! Posing the questions, is hell real. While Dante emphasizes the equality of these two institutions, he also asserts the necessity of their separation.
Dante roamed from court to court in Italy, writing and occasionally lecturing, until his death from a sudden illness in He says Dante will go through a terrible place with souls in torment, after which Virgil replies that since that day will bring the perfection of all creation, their punishments will be perfected as well.
Dante became something of a party unto himself after his exile. These books are about how Dante travels to the three stages of the afterlife.
By analyzing the transformation of this relationship as the two sojourn through the circles of hell, one is able to learn more about the mindset of Dante the Poet. He meets the spirit of Virgil, who promised to lead him on a journey through Hell so that he may be able to enter Paradise.